Synchronization in the random field Kuramoto model on complex networks

Lopes, M. A.; Lopes, E. M.; Yoon, S.; Mendes, J. F. F.; Goltsev, A. V.
We study the impact of random pinning fields on the emergence of synchrony in the Kuramoto model on complete graphs and uncorrelated random complex networks. We consider random fields with uniformly distributed directions and homogeneous and heterogeneous (Gaussian) field magnitude distribution. In our analysis we apply the Ott-Antonsen method and the annealed-network approximation to find the critical behavior of the order parameter. In the case of homogeneous fields, we find a tricritical point above which a second-order phase transition gives place to a first-order phase transition when the network is either fully connected, or scale-free with the degree exponent {\$}\backslashgamma{\textgreater}5{\$}. Interestingly, for scale-free networks with {\$}2{\textless}\backslashgamma \backslashleq 5{\$}, the phase transition is of second-order at any field magnitude, except for degree distributions with {\$}\backslashgamma=3{\$} when the transition is of infinite order at {\$}K{\_}c=0{\$} independently on the random fields. Contrarily to the Ising model, even strong Gaussian random fields do not suppress the second-order phase transition in both complete graphs and scale-free networks though the fields increase the critical coupling for {\$}\backslashgamma {\textgreater} 3{\$}. Our simulations support these analytical results.
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Type of Publication:
Physical Review E
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